Perfil psicosocial, factores de riesgo y reinserción en reclusas adultas: una revisión sistemática

Psychosocial profile, risk factors and reintegration in adult women prisoners: A systematic review

Patricia Rocío Romero-Lara , Alejandro Guillén-Riquelme , Raúl Quevedo-Blasco
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología (2020) 52, 193-217
Recibido el 17 de abril de 2020
Aceptado el 14 de octubre de 2020

doi: https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2020.v52.20

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los efectos psicológicos asociados con la estancia en prisión en mujeres reclusas, así como su perfil psicosocial. Para esto se llevó a cabo una búsqueda de la literatura en las siguientes bases de datos: Web of Science, Scopus, Psicodoc, PsycInfo, Pubmed y DOAJ. En la búsqueda se localizó un total de 1403 trabajos (1350 artículos y 53 revisiones), de los cuales se seleccionaron, finalmente, 106 estudios. Se observan importantes diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en cuanto al ajuste a prisión, además de que las mujeres reclusas tienen unas necesidades específicas. Como conclusión cabe señalar la necesidad de más estudios que complementen la información sobre los efectos psicológicos de las mujeres en países menos desarrollados.

Palabras clave:
Mujeres reclusas, encarcelamiento, efectos psicológicos, revisión sistemática

Abstract

The objective of this work was to analyze the psychological effects associated with the stay in prison in women prisoners as well as their psychosocial profile. For this purpose, a literature search was carried out in the following databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Psicodoc, PsycInfo, Pubmed and DOAJ. In the search a total of 1403 papers were located (1350 articles and 53 reviews), finally selecting 106 studies. There are important differences between men and women in terms of adjustment to prison, in addition to the fact that women prisoners have specific needs. In conclusion, more studies are needed to complement the information on the psychological effects of women in less developed countries.

Keywords:
Female inmates, imprisonment, psychological effects, systematic review

Artículo Completo
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