Development and validity evidence of the Two-Dimensional Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale

Desarrollo y evidencia de validez de la Escala Bidimensional de Búsqueda de Sensaciones Sexuales

Rodrigo Ferrer-Urbina , Patricio Mena-Chamorro , Patricio Zambrana , Cristian Ramírez
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, (2020), 52, pp. 176-183.
Received 6 March 2020
Accepted 13 August 2020

doi: https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2020.v52.18

Resumen

Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), principalmente el VIH/SIDA, son adquiridas a través de comportamientos sexuales de riesgo que se han asociado con la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales. El propósito de este trabajo es desarrollar un nuevo instrumento de medida para evaluar la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales en jóvenes y adultos en Latinoamérica. Se realizó un estudio instrumental, con un muestreo espacio-temporal en estudiantes de las dos ciudades chilenas con mayores índices de VIH. La escala final contiene 9 ítems para evaluar dos dimensiones: (1) búsqueda de emociones sexuales y (2) tendencia al aburrimiento sexual. La estructura identificada proporciona niveles adecuados de confiabilidad y presenta evidencia de validez, basada en la estructura interna del test, utilizando AFC y ESEM. La Escala Bidimensional de Búsqueda de Sensaciones Sexuales evidencia propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para evaluar la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales en muestras equivalentes.

Palabras clave:
Búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales, VIH/SIDA, comportamiento sexual de riesgo, ESEM, desarrollo de escalas psicométricas

Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), mainly HIV/AIDS, are acquired through risky sexual behaviors that have been associated with sexual sensation seeking. The purpose of this work is development a new scale for the assessment of sexual sensations seeking, with evidence of validity based on internal structure and relationship to other measures, for use in young people and adults in a Latin American context. An instrumental study was performed, with time-space sampling of students from the two Chilean cities with the highest rates of HIV. Final scale has 9 items to evaluate two dimensions: (1) sexual emotions seeking and (2) tendency to sexual boredom. The identified structure provides good levels of reliability and presents validity evidence, based on the internal structure of the test, using CFA and ESEM. Two-dimensional sexual sensation seeking scale evidence proper psychometric properties to evaluate the seeking for sexual sensations in equivalents samples.

Keywords:
Sexual sensation seeking, HIV/AIDS, sexual risk behavior, ESEM, psychometric scales development

Artículo Completo
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