Validación al español de la Escala de Comunicación Efectiva en el Fútbol

Spanish validation of the Effective Communication Scale in Soccer

Miguel A. López-Gajardo , Inmaculada González-Ponce , José C. Ponce-Bordón , Jesús Díaz-García , Francisco M. Leo
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, (2020), 52, pp. 184-192.
Recibido el 3 de mayo de 2020
Aceptado el 14 de septiembre de 2020

doi: https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2020.v52.19

Resumen

El objetivo de la presente investigación era traducir al español y validar la Escala de Comunicación Efectiva en Deportes de Equipo (SECTS-2S). Para ello, se realizaron dos estudios. El Estudio 1 contó con 276 jugadores de fútbol de género masculino (88.40 %) y femenino (11.60 %) con un rango de edad de 16-42 años (M = 18.42; DT = 2.71). Los resultados mostraron una estructura factorial con tres factores de primer orden (aceptación, conflicto negativo y distinción) y con adecuada consistencia interna (α y ω = .70-.79). En el Estudio 2, participaron 453 jugadores de fútbol de ambos géneros (89.40 % masculino y 10.60 % femenino) con edades en el rango de 16-39 años (M  =  20.86; DT = 3.56). Nuevamente, se obtuvieron índices de ajuste aceptables con una estructura compuesta por tres factores de primer orden y con valores adecuados de consistencia interna para cada factor (α y ω = .75-.83). Además, se comprobó que la SECTS-2S mostraba una adecuada validez discriminante y nomológica con la variable de cohesión de grupo (p < .05). Por último, se encontró que la escala SECTS-2S es invariante con respecto al nivel competitivo de los jugadores. Se concluye que la SECTS-2S es una herramienta válida y fiable para medir la comunicación intra-equipo en el fútbol.

Palabras clave:
Comunicación intra-equipo, cuestionario, deporte, propiedades psicométricas, validez

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to translate and validate the Effective Communication Scale in Team Sports into Spanish (SECTS-2S). In Study 1 participated 276 male (88.40 %) and female (11.60 %) soccer players, with aged between 16-42 (M = 18.42; SD = 2.71). Results show a three first-order factors structure (acceptance, negative conflict, and distinctiveness) and adequate internal consistency were found. Study 2 involved 453 soccer players of both genders (89.40 % male and 10.60 % female) and aged between 16-39 years (M = 20.86; SD = 3.56). Likewise, adequate values in the factorial structure with a three-factor structure and internal consistency were obtained (α and ω = .75-.83). In addition, the SECTS-2S showed adequate discriminatory and nomological validity with the group cohesion variable (p < .05). Finally, it was shown that the instrument was invariant with respect to the competitive level of players. Thus, the SECTS-2S is a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure intra-team communication in team sports.

Keywords:
Intra-team communication, questionnaire, sport, psychometric properties, validity

Artículo Completo
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