Gender differences in theory-based predictors of physical activity in university students with disabilities

Diferencias de género en predictores teóricos de la actividad física en alumnado universitario con discapacidad

Joan Úbeda-Colomer , José Devís-Devís , Kathleen A. Martin Ginis
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, (2020), 52, pp. 141-148.
Received 30 November 2019
Accepted 19 July 2020

doi: https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2020.v52.14

Resumen

El alumnado universitario con discapacidad participa en actividad física en menor medida que el alumnado sin discapacidad, reportando las mujeres menor actividad física que los hombres. Este artículo tuvo por objetivo examinar las diferencias de género en predictores teóricos de la actividad física en esta población. Una muestra de alumnado universitario con diferentes discapacidades (n = 1076) completó medidas de los constructos de la teoría de la conducta planeada y la versión reducida en español del instrumento Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments. La autoeficacia y la controlabilidad fueron significativamente menores en las mujeres y se encontraron diferencias de género en las barreras que predijeron la controlabilidad. En conclusión, los presentes resultados pueden ser útiles para desarrollar intervenciones de cambio de comportamiento en la actividad física que aborden de forma diferente a los hombres y las mujeres con discapacidad.

Palabras clave:
Psicología del ejercicio, teoría de la conducta planeada, personas con discapacidad, promoción de la salud, modelo socioecológico

Abstract

University students with disabilities engage in physical activity to a lesser extent than their able-bodied peers, with women reporting less physical activity than men. The present study aimed to examine gender differences in theory-based predictors of physical activity in this population. Spanish university students with different disabilities (n = 1076) completed measures of the Theory of Planned Behaviour constructs and the reduced Spanish version of the Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments. Self-efficacy and controllability were significantly lower in women and gender differences on the barriers predicting controllability were obtained. In conclusion, the present results could be useful in order to implement physical activity behaviour change interventions which differently target men and women with disabilities.

Keywords:
Exercise psychology, Theory of Planned Behaviour, people with disabilities, health promotion, social ecological model

Artículo Completo
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