Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale in Ecuador: psychometric properties and latent mean differences across genders

Escala de Autopresentación Perfeccionista en Ecuador: propiedades psicométricas y diferencias de medias latentes en función del género

María Vicent, Ricardo Sanmartín, Nelson Otáñez-Enríquez, José Manuel García-Fernández
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, (2022), 54, pp. 178-186.
Received 12 July 2022
Accepted 26 September 2022


Introducción: Este artículo tiene como objetivo examinar las propiedades psicométricas, i.e., validez, fiabilidad, invarianza factorial y diferencias de medias latentes en función del género, de la Escala de Autopresentación Perfeccionista, PSPS, en el contexto de Ecuador. Método: La muestra se compuso de 597 universitarios ecuatorianos. Resultados: El análisis factorial confirmatorio apoyó una estructura de la escala compuesta por 14 ítems y tres dimensiones: autopromoción perfeccionista, no-divulgación de la imperfección, y no-verbalización de la imperfección. Este modelo mostró invarianza configural; de medida, métrica, escalar y estricta; y estructural a través del género. El análisis de correlaciones entre los factores de la PSPS y los rasgos perfeccionistas evidenció la validez discriminante de la escala. Los hombres obtuvieron medias latentes significativamente más altas en comparación con las mujeres en los factores autopromoción perfeccionista y no-divulgación de la imperfección.
Conclusiones: La versión de la PSPS abreviada y traducida al español representa una medida fiable y válida para evaluar la autopresentación perfeccionista en Ecuador.

Palabras clave:
Autopresentación perfeccionista, validez, fiabilidad, invarianza factorial, diferencias de medias latentes


Introduction: This paper aims to examine the psychometric properties, i.e., validity, reliability, factorial invariance, and latent mean differences based on gender, of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale, PSPS, in the Ecuadorian context. Method: A sample consisting of 597 Ecuadorian undergraduates participated in the study. Results: Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported a 14-item and three-dimensional model of the scale: Perfectionistic Self-Promotion, Nondisplay of Imperfection, and Nondisclosure of Imperfection. This model presented configural; measurement, i.e., metric, strong, and strict; as well as structural invariance across genders. Discriminant validity was observed by analysing correlations between PSPS factors and perfectionism traits. Males exhibited higher latent means of Perfectionistic Self-Promotion and also Nondisplay of Imperfection than females. Conclusions: The Spanish-translated and brief version of the PSPS represents a reliable and valid tool for assessing perfectionistic self-presentation in Ecuador.

Perfectionistic self-presentation, validity, reliability, factorial invariance, latent mean differences

Artículo Completo

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