Effects of frailty status on happiness and life satisfaction: The mediating role of self-perceived health

Efectos del estado de fragilidad en la felicidad y la satisfacción con la vida: el papel mediador de la salud autopercibida

Gonzalo Palomo-Vélez , Francisco García , Diego Arauna , Carmen Luz Muñoz-Mendoza , Eduardo Fuentes , Iván Palomo
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, (2020), 52, pp. 95-103.
Received 21 October 2019
Accepted 28 April 2020

doi: https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2020.v52.10

Resumen

Durante la última década, el síndrome de fragilidad ha adquirido gran importancia debido a sus consecuencias sociales y psicológicas perjudiciales. En el presente estudio, investigamos la asociación entre el estado de fragilidad y el bienestar (felicidad y satisfacción con la vida) en los adultos mayores, y evaluamos el papel de la salud autopercibida como potencial mediador de dichas relaciones. Reclutamos a 1205 adultos mayores chilenos que respondieron preguntas acerca de su estado de salud objetivo (indicadores relacionados con el estado de fragilidad), bienestar y autopercepción de salud. En términos generales, los análisis mostraron que el estado de fragilidad se asocia negativamente con la satisfacción vital y la felicidad, y que la salud autopercibida tiene un papel mediador en tales relaciones. Se discuten las consecuencias sociales y psicológicas del síndrome de fragilidad en adultos mayores.

Palabras clave:
Adultos mayores, fragilidad, felicidad, satisfacción vital, salud autopercibida

Abstract

During the past decade, the frail syndrome has acquired great importance due to its detrimental social and psychological consequences. In the present study, we investigate the association between frailty status and well-being (happiness and life satisfaction) among older adults, and we test the role of self-perceived health as potential mediator in such relations. We recruited 1205 older Chilean adults who responded to measures about their objective health status (frailty-related indicators), well-being, and self-perceived health. Overall, path analyses showed that frailty status is negatively associated to life satisfaction and happiness, and that self-perceived health works as a mediator for such relations. The social and psychological consequences of the frail syndrome in older adults are discussed.

Keywords:
Older adults, frailty, happiness, life satisfaction, self-perceived heath

Artículo Completo
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